The Modern Scandinavian Economic History
The course is a survey of economic development in Sweden, Finland,
Denmark and Norway from 1800 to the present. The first part deals with
early agrarian transformations and the industrial revolutions in the
late nineteenth century. Focus is placed on common as well as country
specific characteristics, such as resource endowments, conditions for
agriculture, access to foreign markets and industrialisation patterns.
The second part deals with the causes behind and the effects of the
rapid economic growth in the twentieth century. The course has a keen
eye on the contrast between the successful developments of the
Scandinavian countries and the dismal growth record of many of today’s
less developed countries. An issue at stake is whether we can learn
anything from the Scandinavian experiences.