Algorithms for Machine Learning and Inference
This course will discuss the theory and application of algorithms for machine learning and inference, from an AI perspective. In this context, we consider as learning to draw conclusions from given data or experience which results in some model that generalises these data. Inference is to compute the desired answers or actions based on the model.
Algorithms of this kind are commonly used in for example classification tasks (e.g., character recognition, or to predict if a new customer is creditworthy) and in expert systems (e.g., for medical diagnosis). A new and commercially important area of application is data mining, where the algorithms are used to automatically detect interesting information and relations in large commercial or scientific databases.
The course intends to give a good understanding of this cross disciplinary area, with a sufficient depth to use and evaluate the available methods, and to understand the scientific literature. During the course we may discuss potential problems with machine learning methods, for example, bias in training data and safety of autonomous agents.
The following concepts are covered:
- Bayesian learning: likelihood, prior, posterior
- Supervised learning: Bayes classifier, Logistic Regression, Deep Learning, Support Vector Machines
- Unsupervised learning: Clustering algorithms, EM algorithm, Mixture models, Kernel methods
- Hidden Markov models, MCMC
- Reinforcement learning