Skip to main content
Breadcrumb

CASH-IN: privately managed cash transfers in Africa

Research project
Active research
Project size
about 19M SEK (13,6M DKK)
Project period
2020 - 2025
Project owner
Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine

Short description

The overall objective of CASH-IN is to investigate whether and to what extent privately managed cash transfers are politicized by ruling elites and how this affects inclusive sustainable growth and state-society relations.

Cash transfers have become an increasingly popular way of providing international development and humanitarian assistance and may be funded by private donors, governments or as part of international aid. While publicly managed social-protection and cash-transfer programmes have been extensively scrutinized, CASH-IN will be the first study to focus systematically on privately managed cash transfers. The project has a comparative design including both humanitarian (short-term) and development-oriented (long-term) cash-transfer programmes in both Uganda and Tanzania.

Objective

The overall objective of CASH-IN is to investigate whether and to what extent privately managed cash transfers (PrivCTs) are politicized by ruling elites and how this affects inclusive sustainable growth and state-society relations.

Background

Cash transfers have become an increasingly popular way of providing international development and humanitarian assistance. Giving money to people in need is not new, but over the last two decades direct cash transfers have emerged as a key aid modality bridging the development–humanitarian nexus.

Cash transfers may be funded by private donors, governments or as part of international aid. While publicly managed social-protection and cash-transfer programmes have been extensively scrutinized, hardly any studies exist of privately managed programmes.

Research on publicly managed programmes indicates that politicization and capture by ruling elites impact on their ability to lead to sustainable inclusive economic growth and costly implementation of the programmes.

Our research

Can privately managed cash transfers avoid the types of political capture that studies of public transfers have generally uncovered and what type of state-society relations do they produce? CASH-IN will be the first study to focus systematically on privately managed humanitarian and development cash transfers.

In order to capture the political dimension of cash transfers, Uganda and Tanzania both have significant experience of the diversity of political organizations and political settlements. Tanzania is generally considered to be a dominant party-state system, while Uganda comes closer to being a competitive client list state.

Comparative analysis of these countries enables the project to examine the links between the type of political settlement and its influence, if any, on privately managed cash transfers for both humanitarian (short-term) and development-oriented (long-term) cash-transfer programmes.