Taken together this constitutes a part of the background for the conference theme, which in turn leads into the main focus on this conference, namely, how do we – as researchers – deal with politics in our research? The perspectives we establish above when describing the current situation in society as well as in education, should by many, and maybe by most politicians, bureaucrats, but also researches, be viewed as a political position; as we by our description is no more neutral or unbiased then the educational practices or systems that we research. The question is therefore, should we try to be as neutral and descriptive as possible, and as far as possible avoid taking sides. Or should we instead let social commitment and political stand be a starting point for our research, and clearly demonstrate our position? Or should we seek for a position in-between. Or maybe, should we try to set parentheses around politics, and avoid focus on the political side of things? The potential answers to these questions, of course dig deep in questions concerning world-view, and not the least on views on science and research. In this conference we have no intentions of contribute to solve these matters, but to put the light on them within the field of educational ethnographical research, and therefore contribute to theoretical and methodological development within the field.