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QoG lunch seminar with Hye Young You

Society and economy

The QoG institute regularly organizes seminars related to research on Quality of Government, broadly defined as trustworthy, reliable, impartial, uncorrupted and competent government institutions. On this week´s QoG lunch seminar, Hye Young You will present. The title of the seminar is: "Bureaucratic Revolving Doors and Interest Group Participation in Policymaking".

Seminar
Date
30 Sep 2020
Time
12:00 - 13:00
Location
Due to Covid-19, this lunch seminar takes place via zoom

Participants
Hye Young You, Assistant Professor, Wilf Family Department of Politics, New York University
Organizer
The Quality of Government Institute

Title:

Bureaucratic Revolving Doors and Interest Group Participation in Policymaking

Abstract:

There is growing concern about the movement of individuals from private sectors to bureaucracies, yet little attention is paid to how this affects interest groups’ activities. Interest groups with connections to bureaucrats may exert less effort to provide information to policy-makers (the “substitution effect”) or exert more effort (the “complement effect”). We address this question by constructing a novel data set on career trajectories of bureaucrats in the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) and firms that served on USTR advisory committees during the period 1997-2017. Empirical results support the substitution effect: firms with connections to USTR bureaucrats decrease their lobbying spending and participation on advisory committees. We present suggestive evidence that the substitution effect occurs when connected bureaucrats’ ideologies are closer to the median ideal point of the agency, which makes the connected bureaucrats pivotal players. Our findings suggest that an apparent decrease in interest groups’ political activities might not imply that their influence on policy making diminished.