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Counterfactuals of Freedom and the Luck Objection to Libertarianism

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Robert Hartman
Publicerad i Journal of Philosophical Research
Volym 42
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 301-312
ISSN 1053-8364
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 301-312
Språk en
Länkar https://www.pdcnet.org/pdc/bvdb.nsf...
Ämnesord Libertarianism; Luck; Rollback Argument; Molinism; Peter van Inwagen
Ämneskategorier Teoretisk filosofi

Sammanfattning

Peter van Inwagen famously offers a version of the luck objection to libertarianism called the ‘Rollback Argument.’ It involves a thought experiment in which God repeatedly rolls time backward to provide an agent with many opportunities to act in the same circumstance. Because the agent has the kind of freedom that affords her alternative possibilities at the moment of choice, she performs different actions in some of these opportunities. The upshot is that whichever action she performs in the actual-sequence is intuitively a matter of mere chance. I explore a new response to the Rollback Argument. If there are true counterfactuals of libertarian freedom, then the agent performs the same action each time she is placed in the same circumstance, because that is what she would freely do in that circumstance. This response appears to negate the chancy intuition. Ultimately, however, I argue that this new response is unsuccessful, because there is a variant of the Rollback Argument that presents the same basic challenge to the libertarian on the assumption that there are true counterfactuals of libertarian freedom. Thus, true counterfactuals of libertarian freedom do not provide the libertarian with a solution to the Rollback Argument.

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