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Continuous eruption of maxillary teeth and changes in clinical crown length: A 10-year longitudinal study in adult women

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Luis Huanca Ghislanzoni
Grethe Jonasson
Stavros Kiliaridis
Publicerad i Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
ISSN 15230899
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Språk en
Ämnesord Eruption, Gingival recession, Long-term follow-up, Maxilla, Superimpositions
Ämneskategorier Annan klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Continuous physiologic eruption of teeth may become a main aesthetic issue for implants inserted in the maxillary anterior region. Purpose: To study maxillary tooth vertical changes during a 10 years period by 3-dimensional superimposition of digital dental casts. Material and methods: Alginate impressions were taken at both baseline and at the 10-year follow-up in a sample of 24 adult Swedish women (average age of 48 years at T0). The upper arch plaster casts were digitized with a 3-dimensional scanner and then superimposed on the palate and the palatal rugae. Occlusal and gingival anatomic structures were digitized for each upper tooth from first molar to first molar. The vertical changes of these structures gave an indication of tooth extrusion and apical or coronal displacement of the gingival margin. Results: A trend was found for eruption in the anterior region (+0.3 mm on average) while a slight extrusion if not any was found in the first molars and premolars area. Vertical displacement of the gingival margin showed also a positive trend from first molars to incisors. Negative average values, corresponding clinically to gingival recession, were found on first molars (-0.36 mm) and premolars (-0.15 mm), while no displacement was detected in the anteriors. Clinical crown lengths increased in all teeth and it is mainly due to gingival recession for first molars and premolars, while for the incisors the eruption is coupled to a slight equivalent gingival coronal migration. Conclusions: During a 10-year period, continuous eruption takes place in female adult subjects, especially in the upper incisors area while gingival recession occurred in first molars and premolars area leading to crown length elongation. Implant placement in the anterior area of the maxilla may have an aesthetic impact even in mature adults due to the continuous eruption of the adjacent teeth.

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