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Chivalry or chauvinism? The impact of benevolent and hostile sexism in the 2016 US Presidential election.

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Hanna Bäck
Royce Carroll
Michael Hansen
Emma Bäck
Publicerad i The XVIII Nordic Political Science Association (NoPSA) Congress. Odense, Danmark: 8-11 August
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Länkar www.sdu.dk/en/Om_SDU/Institutter_ce...
Ämneskategorier Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier), Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)

Sammanfattning

What role did sexism play in the 2016 presidential election, the first US election with a female major party candidate? In this paper, we draw on the literature on ambivalent sexism, differentiating between ‘hostile’ and ‘benevolent’ sexism. Hostile sexism is a set of attitudes representing prejudice toward women, whereas benevolent sexism consists of stereotypical views of women. We suggest that individuals holding hostile and benevolent sexist views should differ in their response to the context surrounding the 2016 election. Hostile sexists should devalue a female candidate (Clinton), resulting in lower support for her, and higher support for her opponent, especially one perceived to hold sexist views (Trump). However, we suggest that benevolent sexists should, in a context involving ‘attacks’ on women, become ‘protective’ towards a female candidate, resulting in higher support for her. The study presented here is based on a two-wave online panel survey with about 500 respondents, performed the week before and after the election. We find that hostile sexists were less likely to support Clinton and more likely to support Trump. Our results also show that benevolent sexists were more likely to support Clinton, and that these evaluations were based on ‘communal’ candidate traits.

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