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Measuring Welfare beyond GDP --- Objective and Subjective Indicators in Sweden, 1968-2015

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christopher Kullenberg
Gustaf Nelhans
Publicerad i Valuation Studies
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 7-38
ISSN 2001-5992
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 7-38
Språk en
Länkar https://dx.doi.org/10.3384/VS.2001-...
Ämnesord Measurement; happiness; welfare; valuation; social sciences; value meter
Ämneskategorier Vetenskapsteori

Sammanfattning

This article analyses a series of negotiations on how to measure welfare and quality of life in Sweden beyond economic indicators. It departs from a 2015 Government Official Report that advanced a strong recommendation to measure only ‘objective indicators’ of quality of life, rather than relying on what is referred to as ‘subjective indicators’ such as life satisfaction and happiness. The assertion of strictly ‘objective’ indicators falls back on a sociological perspective developed in the 1970s, which conceived of welfare as being measurable as ‘levels of living’, a framework that came to be called ‘the Scandinavian model of welfare research’. However, in the mid-2000s, objective indicators were challenged scientifically by the emerging field of happiness studies, which also found political advocates in Sweden who argued that subjective indicators should become an integral part of measuring welfare. This tension between ‘subjective’ and ‘objective’ measurements resulted in a controversy between several actors about what should count as a valuable measurement of welfare. As a consequence, we argue that the creation of such value meters is closely intertwined with how welfare is defined, and by what measures welfare should be carried through.

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