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Life Satisfaction and Emotional Well-Being: Psychological, Economic and Social Factors

Kapitel i bok
Författare Tommy Gärling
Amelie Gamble
Publicerad i R. Ranyard (Ed.) Economic psychology: The science of economic mental life and behavior
Sidor 405-420
ISBN 9781118926482
Förlag Wiley-Blackwell
Förlagsort Hoboken
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik
Sidor 405-420
Språk en
Länkar https://gup-server.ub.gu.se/v1/asse...
Ämnesord Economic psychology, Life satisfaction, Policy
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi, Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

In this chapter we addressed three questions that are important in any society: Are citizens satisfied or dissatisfied with their lives, what makes them satisfied or dissatisfied, and what are the consequences of being satisfied or dissatisfied? How should such questions be answered to influence policies? First, several types of national indicators (economic, social, subjective well-being) were described that are or may be relevant. Next our main focus was subjective well-being, consisting of a cognitive judgment of life satisfaction and emotional well-being defined as the balance of experienced positive and negative affect. We reviewed how life satisfaction and emotional well-being are reliably and validly measured by means of self-report ratings in questionnaires. In such measurements the cognitive judgments of life satisfaction mainly reflect stable possessions of material and other resources and are therefore only modestly correlated with the less stable balance of positive and negative affect experienced in everyday life. We reviewed research showing that individual factors (personality, life-cycle stage, engagement in goal-directed activities), economic factors (material wealth, income), and social factors (receiving and giving social support, kindness) influence subjective well-being. We also note that these influences are frequently complex such that causality is difficult to infer. Finally, we reviewed other strands of research showing that subjective well-being has positive consequences for health, longevity, and life success.

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