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The impact of spinopelvic morphology on the short-term outcome of pedicle subtraction osteotomy in 104 patients

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Karin Eskilsson
D. Sharma
Christer Johansson
Rune Hedlund
Publicerad i Journal of Neurosurgery-Spine
Volym 27
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 74-80
ISSN 1547-5654
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för anestesi, biomaterial och ortopedi, Avdelningen för ortopedi
Sidor 74-80
Språk English
Länkar doi.org/10.3171/2016.11.spine16601
Ämnesord pedicle subtraction osteotomy, spinopelvic parameters, sagittal imbalance, adult spine deformity, surgical technique, adult-spinal-deformity, fixed sagittal imbalance, thoracic kyphosis, parameters, scoliosis, alignment, classification, surgery, Neurosciences & Neurology, Surgery
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is commonly performed for correction of spinal sagittal plane deformities. The PSO results in complex, multiple changes of the spinopelvic alignment. The influence of the variability of individual pelvic morphology has not been fully analyzed in previous outcome studies of sagittal imbalance. The aim of this study was to define radiological variables affecting the outcome after PSO in adult spinal deformities, with special emphasis on the variability of pelvic morphology. METHODS Clinical and radiographic outcomes were analyzed in a retrospective analysis of 104 patients who underwent a PSO at a single center. The radiographic variables studied were sagittal vertical axis (SVA), T1SPI (T-1 spinopelvic inclination), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS). To control for the individual variation of pelvic morphology, the LL/PI, PT/PI, and SS/PI ratios were calculated. Clinical outcome was assessed using the visual analog scale for pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and EQ-5D preoperatively and at a minimum 1 -year follow-up. Correlation coefficients were calculated between each individual radiographic variable and the outcome measures. The importance of LL mismatch to TK, reflecting the importance of a harmonious spine, was analyzed by comparing the outcome of patients with a TK+LL+PI 5 45 to those with a sum > 45. RESULTS SVA and T1SPI demonstrated the strongest correlation with the clinical outcome scores (r = 0.4-0.5, p < 0.001). LL correlated weakly with the clinical outcome (r = 0.2-0.3, p < 0.003). Mismatch of LL to PI, however, did not correlate significantly with the outcome. Similarly, only weak and inconsistent correlation was observed between PT, SS, PT/PI, SS/PI, and functional outcome. Patients with a TK+LL+PI _5 45 had a significantly lower ODI score (33 vs 44) and a significantly higher EQ-5D score (0.64 vs 0.40) than patients with a sum > 45 (LL is a negative value). CONCLUSIONS PSO resulted in a substantial correction of sagittal imbalance and improved outcome in most patients in this study. Correction of the global sagittal balance appears to be a necessary precondition for a good outcome. A harmonious spine with a TK and an LL of similar magnitude seems to add to a positive outcome.

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