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Rättstillämpningens tystnad. En rättsvetenskaplig narratologisk studie om argumentation och rättsliga uttryck inom civilprocessen

Doktorsavhandling
Författare Erik Björling
Datum för examination 2017-06-01
Opponent at public defense Professor Johanna Niemi, Åbo akademi
ISBN 978-91-87869-06-8
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Juridiska institutionen
Språk se
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/52296
Ämnesord Narratologi, Metodologi, Rättstillämpning, Subsumtion, Rättsfakta, Representation, Uttryck, Entymem, Narrativdissonans, Överdeterminerade subjekt
Ämneskategorier Allmän rättslära

Sammanfattning

The thesis aims to develop methodological concepts that contribute to the under-standing of, and critique of, legal argumentation in court proceedings. The concepts take their onset in narratological terminology and in a thorough discussion con¬cerning the ontological and epistemological grounds for legal application. It is argued that there are unexplored aspects of law left to be examined particularly if law is seen as something that becomes rather than something that is, in other words, if legal expressions are studied rather than legal representations. In a shift from law within a discourse of repre¬sentation to a discourse of expression the concept of legal application would be replaced by the concept of legal narratives. The most important methodological concepts that are developed in the thesis are legal enthymemes, overdetermined subjects and narrative dissonance. These concepts are used to show how legal argumentation is constructed based on implicit premises (legal enthy¬memes), how legal argumentation faces challenges in handling different subject positions of the parties and the court (overdetermined subjects), and how differences in narrative approaches creates difficulties in relation to the principles behind the adversarial process (narrative dissonance). On a more general level the thesis deals with issues regarding legal philosophy and civil procedural law. The methodological approach can be situated within the field of law and literature, more specifically, law and narrative.

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