Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Moral Hard-Wiring and Moral Enhancement

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ingmar Persson
J. Savulescu
Publicerad i Bioethics
Volym 31
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 286-295
ISSN 0269-9702
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 286-295
Språk English
Länkar doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12314
Ämnesord moral enhancement, moral bioenhancement, bioenhancement, Social Sciences - Other Topics, Medical Ethics, Social Issues, Biomedical Social Sciences
Ämneskategorier Filosofi, etik och religion

Sammanfattning

We have argued for an urgent need for moral bioenhancement; that human moral psychology is limited in its ability to address current existential threats due to the evolutionary function of morality to maximize cooperation in small groups. We address here Powell and Buchanan's novel objection that there is an inclusivist anomaly': humans have the capacity to care beyond in-groups. They propose that exclusivist' (group-based) morality is sensitive to environmental cues that historically indicated out-group threat. When this is not present, we are inclusivist. They conclude that moral bioenhancement is unnecessary or less effective than socio-cultural interventions. We argue that Powell and Buchanan underestimate the hard-wiring features of moral psychology; their appeal to adaptively plastic, conditionally expressed responses accounts for only a fragment of our moral psychology. In addition to restrictions on our altruistic concern that their account addresses - such as racism and sexism - there are ones it is ill-suited to address: that our concern is stronger for kin and friends and for concrete individuals rather than for statistical lives; also our bias towards the near future. Hard-wired features of our moral psychology that are not clearly restrictions in altruistic concern also include reciprocity, tit-for-tat, and others. Biomedical means are not the only, and maybe not the most important, means of moral enhancement. Socio-cultural means are of great importance and there are currently no biomedical interventions for many hard-wired features. Nevertheless research is desirable because the influence of these features is greater than our critics think.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?