Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

The Cold War, Political Neutrality, and Academic Boundaries: Imprints on the origins and Early Development of Science Studies in Sweden

Kapitel i bok
Författare Aant Elzinga
Publicerad i Science Studies During the Cold War and Beyond. Paradigms Defected, eds. E. Aronova & S. Turchetti
Sidor 207-240
ISBN 978-1-137-57816-7
Förlag Palgrave MacMillan
Förlagsort New York
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 207-240
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-55943-...
Ämnesord science studies, science policy studies, theory of science, STS, cold war East-West divide, radical science movement, the spirit of 1968, Marxism, Bernal, professionalisation of science studies, scientometrics, geopolitics, academic disciplinary politics
Ämneskategorier Vetenskapsteori, Vetenskapshistoria

Sammanfattning

The chapter contextualizes the Cold War era emergence of science studies and points out that the field has a double legacy. On the one hand, there was the influence of scholarship in history and philosophy of science, as well as sicence policy studies. One the ther hand, there was the internationa solidarity of the peace movement and Pugwash in the late 1950s, anti-imperialism, and the spitit of 1968 and "Science for the People", all linking back to an older movement of social responsibility of science that had existed since the 1930s. In Sweden, science studies largely followed the same pattern found in other Western countries, but there was greater awareness of scholarship in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Historically it was also significant that Sweden did not participate in World War II but maintained a neutral stance, which continued in some respects in the national policy doctrine of armed neutrality and non-allignment with strong ingredients of scientific prowess and technological opitimism. Academically the organization of universities as state institutions under one central national bureacratic agency but at the same time a strong system of professorial chairs and disciplinary entrenchments was also significant for the dynamics of new and emerging specialities. After detailing these and other features in the Swedish situation, the chapter goes on to trace the development of five academic sites in which different foci in science studies emerged: Uppsala and Stockholm (political science), Lund (sociology & research policy studies), Gothenburg (philosophy of science, with an empirical turn towards studies of science in action), and Linköping (interdisciplinary studies focusing on Technology and Social Change). The profiles of science studies and how these were influenced by differeing dynamics of both extramural and internal academic conditions/disciplinary rivalries are highlighted together with impulses from international scholarly networks. The careers of a number of Swedish scholars who were instrumental in the process of capturing new opportunity spaces and facilitating/pursuing distinctive approaches in science and technology studies (STS) are also outlined, with particular reference to the pioneering roles of Håkan Törnebohm (theory of science & research - Gothenburg) and Stevan Dedjier (research policy studies - RPI Lund). The influence of political activism and Marxism amongst a younger generation in the late 1960s and early 1970s, together with their subsequent sublimation in science studies/STS, is also highlighted. The timeline covered runs essentially from 1963 into the early 1990s.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?