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Autonomy and Responsibility as a Dual Construct: Swedish Police Personnel’s Stress, Energy, and Motivation

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Danilo Garcia
Fredrik Ryberg
Ann-Christine Andersson Arntén
Trevor Archer
Ali Al Nima
Publicerad i International Journal of Police Science and Management
Volym IN PRESS
Nummer/häfte IN PRESS
Sidor IN PRESS
ISSN 1461-3557
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor IN PRESS
Språk en
Ämnesord Autonomy, Dual Model of Autonomy and Responsibility, Energy, Stress, Motivation, Police Personnel, Responsibility.
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Law enforcement demands self-management, intrinsic motivation, high energy levels, and tolerance to stress. The concept of self-management might involve both autonomy and responsibility. Autonomy and responsibility, however, are often considered and measured as the same construct even thought at a conceptual level they can be seen as a separate dual construct. Our aims were (1) to investigate the duality of the concept autonomy and responsibility and (2) to investigate this hypothesized dual construct’s association to stress and energy and motivation dimensions among Swedish police personnel. Employees (N = 617; males = 318, females = 292) from five Swedish police departments participated in the study. Autonomy and responsibility were assessed using one of the scales in the Learning Climate Questionnaire, motivation using a modified version of the Situational Motivation Scale, and stress and energy using the Stress/Energy Questionnaire. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis and two structural equation models. The confirmatory factor analysis discerned two separate subscales that we defined as autonomy (e.g., “I feel free to organize my work the way I want to”) and responsibility (e.g., “We are not encouraged to take responsibility for our own learning”). Autonomy predicted both stress and energy, but only one dimension of motivation, that is, amotivation. Responsibility predicted energy and three of four motivations dimensions: intrinsic motivation, external regulation, and amotivation. Hence, we suggest that the notion of autonomy and responsibility as a dual independent construct seems to be meaningful in the investigation of police personnel’s motivation, stress, and energy.

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