Jonathan W. Essex
Anthony G. Lee
|Publicerad i||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes|
|Ämnesord||Binding sites, Cholesterol, G protein coupled receptor, GPCR, Lipids, Molecular dynamics|
|Ämneskategorier||Biofysik, Teoretisk kemi|
G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are located in membranes rich in cholesterol. The membrane spanning surfaces of GPCRs contain exposed backbone carbonyl groups and residue side chains potentially capable of forming hydrogen bonds to cholesterol molecules buried deep within the hydrophobic core of the lipid bilayer. Coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) simulations allow the observation of GPCRs in cholesterol-containing lipid bilayers for long times (50 μs), sufficient to ensure equilibration of the system. We have detected a number of deep cholesterol binding sites on β2 adrenergic and A2A adenosine receptors, and shown changes in these sites on agonist binding. The requirements for binding are modest, just a potential hydrogen bond partner close to a cleft or hole in the surface. This makes it likely that similar binding sites for cholesterol will exist on other classes of membrane protein.