|Publicerad i||Journal of Scientific Exploration|
|Ämnesord||dissociation—perception—history of psychical research—altered states|
|Ämneskategorier||Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Kognitionsforskning, Psykologi|
Madame d’Esperance was a physical medium, well-known for her materialized forms, which bereaved sitters often recognized as their dead relatives. A critical evaluation is made of her acclaimed autobiographical account, Shadow Land, with a particular focus on her activities, first in Newcastle, England, and then in Gothenburg, Sweden. In this process, we had access to recently discovered archives and rare publications. A presentation is made of some of the fraudulent methods used by physical mediums and the possible psychological processes behind the remarkable experiences of the sitters attending séances.