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Predisposing Factors for Re-interventions with Additional Iliac Stent Grafts After Endovascular Aortic Repair.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Håkan Roos
Charlotte Sandström
G Koutouzi
Anders Jeppsson
Mårten Falkenberg
Publicerad i European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
Volym 53
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 89–94
ISSN 1532-2165
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Sidor 89–94
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.10.0...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Endoleaks of type Ib and III are relatively common causes of re-intervention after EVAR. The aim was to determine underlying causes and identify anatomical factors associated with these re-interventions.A total of 444 patients with standard bifurcated stent grafts were included in a retrospective observational study. Patients requiring additional iliac stent grafts (n = 24) were compared to those who did not (n = 420). Pre- and post-operative CT examinations were reviewed in patients with additional iliac stents. Reasons for re-interventions were defined as migration (>5 mm at the distal end or at interconnections), progression of disease (iliac artery diameter exceeding graft diameter), inadequate distal seal length at primary repair, or a combination of these factors.Twenty-four patients received 31 additional grafts in 30 limbs after a median 46 months (range 2-92 months). Five re-interventions (21%) were due to rupture. Re-intervened limbs had a larger iliac artery diameter 18 mm (25th and 75th percentile 20-25) versus 15 mm (13-18 mm), p < .001. The degree of iliac limb oversizing at primary EVAR was lower in re-intervened patients (11% (8-18%) versus 18% (12-26%), p = .003). In re-intervened patients, iliac attachment zones were shorter in treated limbs than in untreated 23 mm (11-34) versus 34 mm (25-44), p < .001). Sixteen of 31 re-interventions (51%) were caused by migration (10 at the distal landing site, 6 at interconnections), nine of 31 (29%) by disease progression, and nine of 31 (29%) had inadequate initial stent graft placement. Three of 31 re-interventions (10%) were done as proactive procedures.Additional iliac stent grafting occurred late after primary repair; a considerable number were caused by rupture. A low degree of oversizing, migration at the distal landing site, separation of stent graft interconnections, disease progression at the distal landing site, and inadequate initial stent graft placement may all contribute. Patients with large iliac dimensions and short attachment zones may need a larger degree of oversizing and more vigorous surveillance.

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