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Psychosocial factors and sport injuries: Meta-analyses for prediction and prevention

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Andreas Ivarsson
Urban Johnson
Mark Andersen
Ulrika Tranaeus
Andreas Stenling
Magnus Lindwall
Publicerad i Sports Medicine
Volym 47
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 353-365
ISSN 0112-1642
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 353-365
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0578-x
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Idrottsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Background Several studies have suggested that psychosocial variables can increase the risk of becoming injured during sport participation. Objectives The main objectives of these meta-analyses were to examine (i) the effect sizes of relationships between the psychosocial variables (suggested as injury predictors in the model of stress and athletic injury) and injury rates, and (ii) the effects of psychological interventions aimed at reducing injury occurrence (prevention). Methods Electronic databases as well as specific sport and exercise psychology journals were searched. The literature review resulted in 48 published studies containing 161 effect sizes for injury prediction and seven effect sizes for injury prevention. Results The results showed that stress responses (r = 0.27, 80 % CI [0.20, 0.33]) and history of stressors (r = 0.13, 80 % CI [0.11, 0.15]) had the strongest associations with injury rates. Also, the results from the path analysis showed that the stress response mediated the relationship between history of stressors and injury rates. For injury prevention studies, all studies included (N = 7) showed decreased injury rates in the treatment groups compared to control groups. Conclusion The results support the model’s suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically, based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes.

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