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Systemisk-funktionell lingvistik. Att analysera språkets betydelsepotential

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Per Holmberg
Inga-Lill Grahn
Ulrika Magnusson
Publicerad i Folkmålsstudier
Volym 52
Sidor 9-30
ISSN 0356-1771
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 9-30
Språk sv
Länkar https://www.academia.edu/8186527/Sy...
Ämnesord systemisk-funktionell lingvistik, textanalys, metafunktion, grammatisk metafor
Ämneskategorier Svenska språket, Lingvistik

Sammanfattning

This article presents the theory of Systemic functional linguistics (SFL), first developed by Michael Halliday, and exemplifies how the theory can be applied in empirical analysis of text and talk. It shows how SFL is centered on the idea that language functions in social meaning making, and how this idea is theoretically elaborated in terms of stratification, metafunctional diversity, systemic choices and registers. The article includes a theoretical description of these four central notions, followed by a presentation of two empirical studies. Both studies explore lexicogrammatical and semantic choices within the ideational metafunction, though in different registers. The first study is an analysis of the use of grammatical metaphor in text written by monolingual and multilingual upper secondary school students. Grammatical metaphor is the realization of meaning in atypical, or incongruent, ways. In the study, grammatical metaphor is a developmental trait, allowing students to express specialized meanings through new combinations between semantics and lexicogrammar. In the second analysis SFL is applied on talk in interaction and combined with activity analysis. The study explores the successive instantiation of the meaning potential of language in a certain context, namely when participants talk about thinking in radio phone-in counseling conversations. An analysis within the ideational metafunction combined with the notion of communicative projects describes how, in this specific case, the participants’ lexicogrammatical choices between a verb and a nominal form contributes in a critical way to a successful outcome of the ongoing counseling activity.

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