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Between Grammars and Dictionaries: a Swedish Constructicon

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Emma Sköldberg
Linnéa Bäckström
Lars Borin
Markus Forsberg
Benjamin Lyngfelt
Leif-Jöran Olsson
Julia Prentice
Rudolf Rydstedt
Sofia Tingsell
Jonatan Uppström
Publicerad i Kosem, I., Kallas, J., Gantar, P., Krek, S., Langemets, M., Tuulik, M. (eds.) 2013. Electronic lexicography in the 21st century: thinking outside the paper. Proceedings of the eLex 2013 conference, 17-19 October 2013, Tallinn, Estonia. Ljubljana/Tallinn: Trojina, Institute for Applied Slovene Studies/Eesti Keele Instituut.
Sidor 310-327
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 310-327
Språk en
Ämnesord lexicography, construction, constructicon, Swedish, FrameNet, language technology
Ämneskategorier Språk och litteratur

Sammanfattning

This paper introduces the Swedish Constructicon (SweCxn), a database of Swedish constructions currently under development. We also present a small study of the treatment of constructions in Swedish (paper) dictionaries, thus illustrating the need for a constructionist approach, and discuss three different methods used to identify potential constructions for inclusion in the constructicon. SweCxn is a freely available electronic resource, with a particular focus on semi-general linguistic patterns of the type that are difficult to account for from a purely lexicographic or a purely grammatical perspective, and which therefore have tended to be neglected in both dictionaries and grammars. Far from being a small set of borderline cases, such constructions are both numerous and common. They are also quite problematic for second language acquisition as well as LT applications. Accordingly, various kinds of multi-word units have received more attention in recent years, not least from a lexicographic perspective. The coverage, however, is only partial, and the productivity of many constructions is hard to capture from a lexical viewpoint. To identify constructions for SweCxn, we use a combination of methods, such as working from existing construction descriptions for Swedish and other languages, applying LT tools to discover recurring patterns in texts, and extrapolating constructional information from dictionaries.

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