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Age of onset of disease in subjects with severe periodontitis: A9-to 34-year retrospective study

Journal article
Authors Sara Thorbert-Mros
B. Cassel
Tord Berglundh
Published in Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume 44
Issue 8
Pages 778-783
ISSN 0303-6979
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 778-783
Language English
Links doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12757
Keywords bone level, onset of disease, periodontitis, radiographs, AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS, JUVENILE PERIODONTITIS, PRIMARY DENTITION, ATTACHMENT LOSS, BONE LOSS, PREVALENCE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PROGRESSION, ADULTS
Subject categories Periodontology

Abstract

AimThe aim was to retrospectively assess the age of onset of disease in a group of patients, 30-45years of age, diagnosed with severe, generalised periodontitis. Material & methodsSeventy-four patients agreed to be part of the study. Patient files and radiographs of 42 patients were retrieved from >80 private and public dental clinics. Interproximal sites in radiographs presenting with identifiable cement-enamel junction (CEJ) and alveolar bone crest (BC) were analysed. The distance between CEJ and BC was measured, and two thresholds were used; 3mm and 5mm. The lowest patient age at which a radiographic examination revealed a CEJ-BC distance of 3mm (F3) and 5mm (F5) at any site was recorded. Similarly, the highest patient age at which a radiographic examination revealed absence of sites with CEJ-BC 3mm (L0) was assessed. ResultsComplete sets of radiographs including periods prior to periodontal breakdown (L0) and disease stages F3, F5 and at recruitment were retrieved in 19 patients. Onset of disease, that is, the interval between L0 and F3, occurred on the average between 22.3 and 28.1years of age and sites exhibiting severe bone loss (F5) were detected at the age of about 32.4years. ConclusionSevere, generalised periodontitis in 30- to 45-year-old subjects of the current sample commenced mainly between 22 and 28years of age.

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