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Binding and internalization of 177Lu-octreotate in human tumor cell lines of different origin

Conference contribution
Authors Sofia Saadati
Johan Spetz
Viktor Sandblom
Emil Schüler
Ruth H. Palmer
Bengt Hallberg
Khalil Helou
Eva Forssell-Aronsson
Published in 63rd Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society, Cancun, Mexico
Publication year 2017
Published at Sahlgrenska Cancer Center
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Oncology, Radiation Physics, Radiology and Urology, Department of Radiation Physics
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Oncology, Radiation Physics, Radiology and Urology, Department of Oncology
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Language en
Subject categories Radiation biology, Radiological physics, Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-octreotate is used for systemic treatment of patients with somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-expressing neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), mainly for small-intestine NETs and endocrine pancreatic tumors. Further research is needed to evaluate the possibility of using this type of treatment in patients with other SSTR-expressing tumors. Tumor binding and uptake of the radiopharmaceutical is highly dependent on SSTR expression. In order to determine the potential of using 177Lu-octreotate for treatment of other tumor cell lines, in vitro studies of binding and internalization are needed. The aim of this study was to asses binding and internalization of 177Lu-octreotate in various cancer cell lines and compare with our previous results. In vitro studies were performed on neuroblastoma (CLB-BAR, IMR-32), lung adenocarcinoma (h1975, h2228) and invasive breast carcinoma (BT474, MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-361, T47D, ZR-75-1) cell lines. Cell cultures were incubated with low or high amounts of 177Lu-octreotate. To block SSTR and thereby determine the specific uptake, control groups were incubated with 177Lu-octreotate and excess octreotide. The amount of unbound, membrane-bound, and internalized 177Lu in each sample was determined after 24 h. Several of the studied tumor cell lines showed specific binding of 177Lu-octreotate. The highest binding and internalization after 24 h was seen for the neuroblastoma cell lines IMR-32 (58% internalized, 9.4% membrane-bound) and CLB-BAR (26% internalized, 3.4% membrane-bound). Specific binding was also found in some breast cancer cell lines (e.g. 3.1% internalized, 0.5% membrane-bound in MDA-MB-361). No specific binding was found in lung adenocarcinoma. In comparison with our previous findings in NET and NET-like cell lines, these results indicate that SSTR-based PRRT may be a potential treatment option for patients with neuroblastoma and certain types of breast cancer. Promising results showing specific tumor uptake of 177Lu-octreotate were obtained for SSTR-expressing tumor cell lines in vitro, indicating the possibility of using SSTR-based diagnostic and therapeutic regimes on more tumor types than those in current clinical practice.

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