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Back pain and MRI changes in the thoraco-lumbar spine of young elite Mogul skiers.

Journal article
Authors Olof Thoreson
Peter Kovac
Anna Swärd
Cecilia Agnvall
Carl Todd
Adad Baranto
Published in Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume 27
Issue 9
Pages 983–989
ISSN 1600-0838
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Anesthesiology, Biomaterials and Orthopaedics, Department of Orthopaedics
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Anesthesiology, Biomaterials and Orthopaedics
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Oncology, Radiation Physics, Radiology and Urology, Department of Radiology
Pages 983–989
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.12710
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Low back pain;young adult;Magnetic resonance imaging;intervertebral disc displacement;athletes;sports;physical loading;cross-sectional studies
Subject categories Orthopedics

Abstract

Athletes have a higher prevalence of LBP and spinal abnormalities on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) compared to non-athletes. The objective of this study was to investigate the amount of spinal MRI abnormalities and the lifetime prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in 16 young elite Mogul skiers compared to 28 non-athletes in the corresponding age in a cross-sectional design. LBP was assessed by a questionnaire consisting of a part regarding previous or present back pain, the Oswestry disability index, and the EuroQol questionnaire. MRI examinations from Th5 to sacrum were conducted to evaluate spinal pathologies. The Mogul skiers had significantly more MRI abnormalities (like disc degeneration) in mean (7.25 vs 3.78, P < 0.023) compared to the controls. No significant difference was seen regarding the lifetime LBP prevalence between the groups (50% vs 42%, P = 0.555). No correlation could be found between disc degeneration and back pain in this study. Young elite Mogul skiers, compared to an age-matched control group of non-athletes, have an increased risk of developing spinal abnormalities potentially due to the different high loads that they are subjected to in their sport. Future relationship between the MRI abnormalities and LBP cannot be verified by this study design.

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