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Multiple Primary Melanomas: A Common Occurrence in Western Sweden.

Journal article
Authors Magdalena Claeson
Paul Holmström
Stefan Hallberg
Martin Gillstedt
Helena Gonzalez
Ann-Marie Wennberg
John Paoli
Published in Acta dermato-venereologica
ISSN 1651-2057
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Section for Oncology, Radiation Physics, Radiology and Urology, Department of Dermatology and Venereology
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.2340/00015555-2598
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Dermatology and Venereal Diseases

Abstract

Patients diagnosed with a single primary cutaneous melanoma are at increased risk of developing multiple primary melanomas. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of multiple primary melanomas (invasive and in situ) in Western Sweden. Data from the Swedish Melanoma Registry from 1990 to 2013 revealed that 898 patients (7.4%) developed 2,037 multiple primary lesions and 11,254 patients developed single lesions. The proportion of subsequent lesions that were melanoma in situ was 47%, compared with 26% of first melanomas (p < 0.0001). The median time to diagnosis of a subsequent melanoma was 38 months (95% confidence interval (CI), 53-62 months). In total, 49% of subsequent melanomas were detected within 3 years. Patients and physicians should be aware of the high proportion of multiple primary melanomas in Western Sweden, especially during the first years of follow-up.

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