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Cybervictimization and body esteem: Experiences of Swedish children and adolescents

Journal article
Authors Ann Frisén
Sofia Berne
Carolina Lunde
Published in European Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume 11
Issue 3
Pages 331-343
ISSN 1740-5629
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 331-343
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2013.82...
Keywords Gender differences, Cyberbullying, Body esteem, VICTIMIZATION, IMAGE, DISSATISFACTION, APPEARANCE, ADULTS, SCHOOL, RISKS, GIRLS
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between cybervictimization and body esteem among 1076 pupils, ages 10-15. More specifically we investigated if being the victim of cyberbullying was related to body esteem, and if there were any grade and gender differences in these relationships. Additionally, we examined how often pupils' believed that cyberbullying was directed at the victims' appearance, and if this view was more common when girls were cybervictims compared to when boys were cybervictims. Pupils in fourth grade (10-year-olds), sixth grade (12-year-olds) and ninth grade (15-year-olds), from 21 different schools in Gothenburg were surveyed. The main finding was that victims of cyberbullying reported poorer body esteem than non-cybervictims. The results also showed that pupils believed that cyberbullying was directed at the victims' appearance, especially when girls were victims. This study provides unique data concerning the links between being exposed to cyberbullying and body esteem.

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