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Antibiotic resistance in the food supply chain: where can sequencing and metagenomics aid risk assessment?

Review article
Authors Johan Bengtsson-Palme
Published in Current Opinion in Food Science
Volume 14
Pages 66-71
Publication year 2017
Published at Centre for antibiotic resistance research, CARe
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 66-71
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1016/j.cofs.2017.01.010
Subject categories Infectious Medicine

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a rapidly growing threat to human health. The environment – including animals and plants – functions both as a transmission route for antibiotic resistant pathogens and a source of resistance genes. The food supply chain connects environmental habitats for bacteria with humans through a route that sometimes – due to use of antibiotics in both agriculture and aquaculture – includes substantial selection for resistance. According to international food standards, selection and dissemination of foodborne resistance should be considered in the risk analysis of food production. High-throughput sequencing and metagenomics could contribute to understanding these transmission and selection processes in the food supply chain. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

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